Sun, heat, sweat ... the favorite triptych not only for you, but also for fungi that love the summer like no other season of the year.

How to avoid the unwanted 'sticking friends' on holiday:

The wet and warm environment attracts them, making them look for a human body to nest. Read all you need to know to not prefer your own!

The summer is by far the season of fungi. The wet and warm weather favors the development and transmission of fungi which attack the unsuspected victims by exploiting their relaxed mood. The biggest threat are the dermatophytes, fungi responsible for infections in the feet (tinea pedis or "athlete's foot"), hands (tinea manus), scalp (tinea capitis), face (tinea faciei), groin area (tinea cruris) and trunk (tinea corporis). Almost any area of the body is exposed to these microorganisms that grow in the outer layer of the skin and generally occur with a circular rash, which is red in the perimeter but in the center the skin looks health.

The Dermatophytes feed by the dead cells of skin, hair and nails. They are transmitted through skin contact from human to human, from animal to human (infected dog, cat, rodent, rabbit, goat, pig and horse), from object to human (contaminated clothing, towel, blanket, hair brush, etc. ), or from soil to human. The last case is the most threatening during the summer, as tourists tend to walk without shoes on beaches, swimming pools and public places. At the same time, they are careless and lying on foreign beach towels and sun loungers, sharing objects with thirds or coming into contact with non-familiar animals.

Apart from the contact with infected people, animals, objects and surfaces, risk factors are excessive sweating, participation in team sports that bring players in contact (for example beach volleyball), the use of narrow and tight clothes, but also the weakened immune system.

The enemy appears on the entire body:

When the fungi infect the skin of the trunk (tinea corporis), usually prefer the back and occur with red spots as rings, which may be accompanied by pustules, exfoliation scars, itching or pain feeling. When they infect the scalp (tinea capitis), then cause bald patches between the hair, and if extend to the face (tinea faciei), occur with red spots, which have rarely ring shape and are usually presented with an irregular frame. The dermatophytes that infect hands (tinea manus), usually prefer the palms and the points between the fingers, where they cause hyperkeratosis. The tinea manus is often accompanied by a fungal infection in the foot (tinea pedis), which is occured with scaling and inflammation between the toes, but also with possibly itching, burning and pain in the soles.

More rarely, the dermatophytes infect the groin (tinea cruris), causing itching, redness, burning and exfoliation in this area, but also on the genitals and anal area. The genital area is threatened more during the summer by another type of fungus, yeasts. Although these microorganisms coexist to normal levels with other bacterias in the vagina, the disturbance of this balance may cause their overgrowth, which is occurred with the form of vaginitis. The symptoms are irritation of the vagina and vulva, itching and burning feeling (especially during urination and sexual penetration), and increased vaginal discharge.

Especially frequent during the holidays is the Toenail fungus, which can be caused by both dermatophytes and yeasts. The problem is at first presented with a white or yellow spot under the nail surface (either in the hands or feet) but as it expands, may cause discoloration, fattening, splitting and cracking of the nail.

Diagnosis and Treatment:

The good news is that the mucosis is rarely extended beyond the skin surface to cause serious disease. However, if it find the body weakened by another disease, it may prove difficult to its radically combat and likely to relapse.

The diagnosis becomes with microscopic observation by a dermatologist or with sample taking and culture. For the treatment of skin infection and toenail fungus, typically given topical antifungal therapy (in lotion, cream or ointment) or oral medication (pill, capsule or tablet). Unique potential effects of using drugs by mouth are gastrointestinal disturbances, rash or abnormalities of liver function. In case of vaginitis, beyond ointment for topical use, it may be necessary and the giving of pessary.

Be careful:

With the enemy lurking everywhere, it is important to be on alert. Ten tips to avoid unwanted 'sticking' friends:

1. Do not wear heavy or tight clothing during the summer, which may cause you hyperhidrosis. Prefer thin and cotton fabrics.

2. Make sure you have shower often during the day, so keep your skin clean. Remember to dry well all areas, paying particular attention to the areas between the fingers.

3. Do not stay many hours with a wet swimsuit.

4. Avoid lying without a towel on the beaches, sun loungers, rocks. Change regularly your beach towels and avoid using towels of others.

5. Never use personal care items of others (brushes, combs, makeup products, body creams) and avoid lend yours.

6. Remove the closed, narrow and sports shoes on summer months. Otherwise, spray them inside with antifungal spray.

7. If you wear cotton socks, change them regularly, because they hold sweat.

8. Do not move without shoes or flip flops around swimming pools, beaches, changing rooms, showers and other public places.

9. During the summer, avoid hot showers, saunas and steam room.

10. Make sure your nails are short, dry and clean. Caution: do not cut their corners. Ensure that the spaces you visit compliance with the hygiene and sterilization rules.