Psoriasis is a chronic, autoimmune disease that affects the skin and joints. Usually causes κόκκινίλες, scalloped spots that appear on the skin. The scaly these spots, caused by psoriasis, called psoriatic plaques (areas of inflammation from excessive production of skin). Skin rapidly accumulates at these points, and takes on a silvery-white shade. Most commonly appear on the elbows and knees, but can affect any part of the body, including the scalp and genital mutilation. In contrast to eczema, psoriasis is more likely to appear on the inner side of the joints.
The disorder is a chronic recurring condition that varies in severity from localized patches to complete body coverage. The nails of the hands and feet are quite often affected (psoriatic dystrophy of the nail) and can be considered as an isolated finding. Psoriasis can also cause inflammation of the joints, which is known as psoriatic arthritis. Ten to fifteen percent of people with psoriasis have psoriatic arthritis.
The causes of psoriasis are not known, but is believed to have a genetic component. Factors that may aggravate psoriasis is stress, withdrawal of systemic corticosteroids, excess alcohol consumption and smoking. There are many treatments available, but because of the chronic nature of it is a challenge to treat.
Treatment Of Psoriasis
The treatments for psoriasis are divided into:
Topical therapies, systemic therapies, and combinations of these.
Topical Therapies For Psoriasis
- Topical Corticosteroids: Topical Corticosteroids Are Ointments Or Creams That Are Applied Topically To The Affected Area With A Result To Reduce The Rate Of Growth Of Skin Cells And Reduce Inflammation And Itching.
- Analog Of Vitamin D3: The Younger Of The Available Topical Treatment For Psoriasis Is The Combination Of Analog Of Vitamin D3 (Καλσιποτριόλης Or Calcitriol) And A Corticosteroid (Βηταμεθαζόνης).
- Pitch: Oldest Kind Of Treatment For Psoriasis, But Still Applicable For Mild Forms Of Psoriasis Of The Scalp In The Form Of Shampoo ( In The Form Of Vegetable Tar).
- Salicylic Acid: Is Κερατολυτικός Factor Combined With The Above Local Products With The Aim Of Strengthening Their Action. There Is A Time And A Quantitative Restriction In The Application.
- Ταζαροτένη: This Is A Local Retinoid, A Derivative Of Vitamin A That Is Used For The Treatment Of Moderate Ψωριάσεων Sclerosis.
- Calcineurin Inhibitors (For Παρατριμματική Psoriasis).
- Emollient Creams And Other Moisturizing Agents.
Systemic Treatments Of Psoriasis
Phototherapy: it Is a Form of Treatment With UV Radiation (Usually Nb-UVB), Which Improves Psoriasis. The Exposure Of The Body To Ultraviolet Radiation From Artificial Sources Contributes To The Reduction Of Inflammation And The Reduction Of Psoriasis.
- Treatment UVB
- Treatment PUVA (Φωτοχημειοθεραπεία)
- Treatment of Narrow-Spectrum UVB
Psoriasis treatment With the Excimer Laser: The Treatment of Psoriasis Using Localized Beams of Laser Light (UVB Radiation Συγκεριμένου Wavelength), Controlling In This Way The Moderate Forms of Psoriasis Without Affecting Healthy Surrounding Area.
Biological Factors: Biological Factors Are Proteins Produced By Living Cells And Act On The Immune System. The Biological Treatments Of Psoriasis Administered By Subcutaneous Or Intravenous Infusion For The Treatment Of Moderate To Severe Plaque Psoriasis When Other Treatments Psoriasis Have Failed Or Are Not Tolerated.
- Efalizumab (Retired)
- Alefacept (Not Released In Greece)
Cyclosporine: This Is For Immunosuppressive Treatment. Is Medication Non-Cytotoxic And Non-Μυελοτοξικό Used For Many Years In The Treatment Of Moderate And Severe Psoriasis As Monotherapy With Fast And Good Results.
Methotrexate: The Action Focuses On The Reduction Of Inflammation By Reducing The Rate Of Metabolism In The Skin Cells And The Immune System.
Ρετινοιδή: The Ασιτρετίνη, A Given Of The Ρετινοικού Acid, Is A Well-Established Treatment For Ακροφλυκταίνωση Palms – Soles.
Finally Healed Your Psoriasis?
The ideal treatment for psoriasis that will bring about a permanent cure has not yet been discovered, and the lesions usually recur. Available right now drugs are aimed to remission of the disease, a fact that helps to improve the quality of life of psoriatic patients.